Requirements to adopt in Spain

Requirements to adopt in Spain

Many Spanish couples have the desire to be parents and give immeasurable love to the boy or girl who joins the family nucleus, the reasons cánido range from a biological need, to consolidating the couple’s union bond.

In this way, we are talking about a very important step, which to carry out requires not only monetary resources, but also maturity.

In some cases, couples cannot conceive a baby, the main reason being infertility in both women and men, it is news that very few want to hear.

However, there is a second option, which is to opt for the adoption of a boy or girl.

Despite the fact that there is a lot of stigma, it is a wonderful opportunity to offer that boy or girl who has just suffered abandonment, the ability to love and be loved.

If you make the decision to adopt and are unaware of the minimum requirements and the procedure to follow in Spain; Do not worry, here we indicate in a fácil way the process that is characterized by being one of the longest and most cumbersome to process and the reasons why adopt if you are still not sure.

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Adoption situation in Spain

The trend of abandonment of minors is increasing, the reasons are varied, in which abandonment and child abuse stand out.

For this reason, the state makes the decision to take responsibility for their welfare.

In this sense, only in Spain for the year 2018 more than 14,000 boys and girls are in a situation of abandonment.

Spanish laws establish that a boy or girl in an abandoned condition cánido be considered adoptable, if your biological parents give up parental rightsmost do not waive this right.

Because of this decision, the vast majority of these minors are not adopted and it is a problem that goes unnoticed.

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Similarly, despite being one of the countries with the greatest opportunity for adoption It is granted throughout Europe, its disadvantage is that the process is very bureaucratic and takes excessive time, as well as the absence of campaigns to encourage adoption by government entities.

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The fears behind an adoption

This decision is not very easy, after the doubts that arise, various fears are also aroused, to a large extent unfounded, either by public opinion or by your close circle.

These fears are: Will it integrate properly? Will I be a good foster parent? Will love me? However, you have nothing to worry about, they are doubts that most have, especially if they are beginners when it comes to raising a minor.

The best thing to do is to assume this new stage of your life very calmly and with the greatest of optimism, in order to make them feel comfortable from the first moment.

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In this way, you will avoid transmitting your insecurities to them, because, just like you, they also have afín fears, especially since they come from suffering the experience of abandonment, which inevitably always leaves a mark.

In addition, you must take into account that the adoption and integration of a child is an extremely slow process, with many obstacles along the way, but the key is to persevere and gradually gain trust.

Over time, he will realize what an excellent person you are and will thank you for life for the love he has received.

Also, you cánido integrate psychological help, so that it provides assertive tools.

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Requirements to adopt in Spain

If, despite opinions and fears, you are convinced to adopt, we congratulate you in advance.

Now, to start the process, you must meet a series of basic requirements without exception to increase your adoption opportunities.

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The requirements established by the Child and Adolescent Protection System (specifically in article 175 of the Civil Code).

They are the following:

  • The adopter must be at least 25 years old.
  • The age difference between the adopter and the adoptee must be at least 16 years and cannot exceed 40 years.

    The upper age limit is relaxed if the adoptee has any limitations.

  • Have the adequate economic resources to face the expenses generated by the upbringing of a boy or girl, such as education, food, etcétera.
  • Pass the psychosocial tests.

    This test is usually carried out when you are going to apply for the suitability certificate.

  • Not have a suspension of the parental authority of any biological child.
  • Not having any relationship with the adopter (other than relatives).

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Documentation and procedure necessary to adopt in Spain

If you meet the requirements, the next step is to collect the necessary documentation to start the procedure of adoption.

Remember that the documents listed below must be current.

Criminal record certificates of both adopters.

The following espectáculos the procedure to follow.

  • Marriage certificate (it is not a mandatory requirement, but it is advisable to have it on hand).
  • Medical certificate.
  • Salary certificate.
  • Suitability certificate.

Of all the aforementioned documents, the certificate of suitability is the most important requirement.

The relevant authority confers this document on citizens who are eligible to carry out an adoption.

They evaluate various criteria such as family lifestyle, history of the couple, individual personal profile, attitude during the interview process, characteristics of the environment, among other parameters.

If you still do not have the certificate of suitability, in the following backlink, it is expanded in detail.

After the certificate is granted, you will be on a waiting list, while the technical team, based on your results issued in the psychosocial and economic tests, will assign you a boy or girl.

If the family accepts, a minor is granted foster care in order to verify her behavior in her new home.

It should be noted that this process takes a long time, so we recommend being very patient.

If the process passes without any problem, you must wait for a judge’s decision to approve the adoption.

To finally register the adoptee in the Civil Registry with the last names of her new parents.

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 Requirements to adopt in Spain
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