Mckinsey 7S Model

Mckinsey 7S Model

In today’s article I am going to talk to you about the Mckinsey 7s model.


The 7S model was first mentioned in The Art of Japanese management a work written in 1981 by Richard Pascale and Anthony Athos.

It should be noted that at the same time, Tom Peters and Robert Waterman were researching what makes a company great.

The 7S model was born from a encuentro between Richard Pascale, Anthony Athos, Tom Peters and Robert Waterman in 1978.

What are the Mckinsey 7S?

The model was thought as a tool that analyzes the company organizational design examining 7 key internal elements:

  • Strategy.
  • Structure.
  • systems.
  • Shared values.
  • Style.
  • Staff.
  • skills.

It should be noted that the model has the purpose of identifying if the 7 elements are effectively aligned and if they allow the organization to achieve its objectives.

In short, we perro say that Mckinsey’s 7S model tells us that there are 7 internal elements in a company that must be aligned for a company to be successful.

Mckinsey 7S Model Element Categories

The 7 internal elements that are mentioned in the 7S model, are divided into two categories:

  • soft elementos.
  • hard elements.

What are the hard elements?

Hard elements are those tangible elements that are easy to identify and that management cánido influence immediately.

The hard elements are:

  • Strategy: It is the organizational plan that allows a company to improve competitive advantage.
  • Structure: Organization of activities and people.
  • Systems: Processes, formal and informal procedures that backlink the company.

What are the Soft Elementos?

These elements of an organization cánido become more difficult to detalla because they are less tangible and more influenced by the company’s culture.

The soft elementos are:

  • Shared values: The core values ​​that are reflected in the corporate culture and individual work ethic.
  • Style: Conduct of executives.
  • Staff: Development of human potential
  • skills: Ability to carry out all activities within the company.

Advantages of using the Mckinsey 7S model

According to Nathalie Van Laethem, the advantages of using the Mckinsey model are the following:

  • Diagnostic tool to better analyze the effectiveness of companies.
  • Facilitates organizational change.
  • Guide to change them.
  • It relates rational (structure) and emotional (shared values) elements.
  • It offers a global perspective that facilitates a deeper analysis.
  • It allows acting simultaneously on the 7S and on their interrelation.

Precautions to be taken

Nathalie Van Laethem tells us in her book that the precautions we have to take when implementing the Mckinsey model are the following:

  • The analysis of the value of each variable will be done within the context of the company.

  • The analysis of the interactions between the cambiantes is as important as that of the individual cambiantes.

  • The value of the cambiantes cánido change over time and depending on the context of the company.


Van, LN, Lebon, Y., & Durand-Mégret, B.


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