Learn about the 13 types of intelligence and how to
In recent years, the topic of types of intelligence has resonated a lot, precisely because this is one of the most precious attributes in modern society, since it allows human beings to be better prepared to face their challenges successfully.
This theme has aroused a great enfrentamiento for decades, especially since many contrasts and theories have been raised about man’s ability to develop not only one, but multiple intelligences throughout his life.
Renowned psychologists like daniel goleman either Raymond Cattell They have challenged the paradigms of unique intelligence, and have exposed that men are capable of developing them unitarily or jointly, depending largely on the cultural context in which they operate.
What is known about multiple intelligences?
In this article we will explain the different types of intelligence that a man perro develop or exploit from a very early age, which will help you understand many aspects of your personality.
In addition, you will learn about some of the intelligence theories that have given much to talk about since the last century and that in one way or another have changed the psychological perspective on intelligence.
Each of them will allow you to understand how to be smarter and will help you identify traits that you should correct or improve if you want to live a full, satisfying and happy life.
Know the main types of intelligence:
Below we will explain in detail the main types of intelligence that you are capable of developing and enhancing throughout your life, and we will even help you identify the ones you already have very easily.
1. Emotional intelligence:
Daniel Goleman is a renowned American journalist, writer and psychologist, known worldwide for having coined the term “Emotional Intelligence” in 1995, after publishing his book Emotional Intelligence, which became a New York Times bestseller.
According to this acclaimed American author, emotional intelligence is nothing more than the ability you have to recognize, understand and manage your own emotions wisely.
Additionally, he expounds in his work that emotionally intelligent people also have the potential to diligently influence the emotions of others.
Boost your emotional intelligence:
Today, the development of these types of intelligence plays a escencial role on a personal, professional, and above all, popular level, since the more intelligent you are when managing your emotions, thoughts, and sensations, the greater your ability to maintain harmonious relationships. with the people around you.
In fact, some important research such as the one published in the Gaceta Interuniversitaria de Capacitación del Profesorado, attached to the Faculty of Psychology of the University of Malaga, infers that the development of emotional skills from an early age is related to the achievement of “happiness or good popular functioning”.
There are currently many emotional intelligence courses that could help you be a good leader, or improve your popular skills in broad strokes, and therefore, you should take advantage of them as soon as possible if you want to put a positive spin on your life in the short term.
2. Linguistic intelligence:
Did you know that writers and poets have a high degree of linguistic intelligence? That’s right, but even if this is not your main profession, you perro also develop it efficiently with a lot of practice, research and effort.
Linguistic intelligence consists of perfectly mastering language: oral, written and non-verbal (body language). Believe it or not, non-verbal communication denotes many aspects of your personality, and therefore, it is extremely relevant today.
Experts say that people who are very intelligent on a linguistic level are characterized by being very sensitive to words, sounds, metrics, or rhythms. That is, they are very interested in communicating appropriately and dazzling with their communication processes.
Writing essays, dedicating a few hours a day to reading, taking an interest in poetry and music, keeping a personal diary, and even earning money writing, are just some of the actions you perro take to boost your linguistic intelligence.
As a result, you will be more and more capable of expressing yourself clearly, and ultimately, this will considerably improve your self-esteem and your interpersonal relationships.
3. Spatial intelligence:
This is one of the most complex types of intelligence you perro imagine because it consists of observing the world, or objects, from different perspectives. In addition, it has to do with your ability to create mental images that help you solve problems successfully.
For this you need to know and master elements of the so-called dynamic imagination, as well as having important and advanced graphic, artistic and spatial reasoning skills.
Those with a high level of spatial intelligence are really good at rompecabezas or drawing, and this is the case of architects, engineers, painters or sculptors.
4. Musical intelligence:
There are people who say that life without music would lack charm, and those with musical intelligence agree with this 100%.
These people have a great ability to compose musical pieces, as well as compose very talented tones and rhythms.
Without a doubt, those who have developed this type of intelligence to the maximum have many skills to play multiple musical instruments.
5. Bodily intelligence:
The ability to move the body in tune, or rather, to coordinate bodily movements with majesty, is known as bodily or kinesthetic intelligence.
Dancers, choreographers, acrobats, and even athletes have a strong body intelligence, which denotes that they know how to establish connections between their mind and their body, or between what they think or feel and their movements.
See: 10 benefits of meditation for your mind and body according to science
6. Existential intelligence:
This is one of the most complex types of intelligence you perro imagine because it is intrinsically related to meditation on existence.
This means that those with existential intelligence tend to think about life and death, and what this means on a human level.
According to howard gardnerthe famous psychologist from Harvard University who formulated the theory of multiple intelligences, existential intelligence forces man to situate himself with respect to the cosmos and the features of the human condition.
Those who are intelligent on an existential scale are known to care about things like self-awareness, ética values, philosophy, and dialogue.
7. Creative intelligence:
All human beings are potentially creative, that is, they have the ability to create unlimitedly if they dedicate themselves to strengthening this quality with dedication and effort.
However, not everyone has the same ability to fluently generate ideas, or to successfully solve problems.
In general, creative people do not feel comfortable doing monotonous or repetitive activities, nor do they fall into a routine easily since they are constantly active at a creative and productive level.
This is usually a type of intelligence developed by successful entrepreneurs who have changed the course of humanity.
8. Naturalistic Intelligence:
If you are passionate about nature, plants, animals or the environment, it is very likely that you have this type of highly developed naturalistic intelligence.
For example, it is well known that botanists, hunters, and biologists have naturalistic intelligence.
9. Interpersonal intelligence:
Not all people find it easy to relate or socialize with others, but those who feel comfortable or comfortable with this, logically have a marked interpersonal intelligence.
In general, they are empathetic, talkative and good speakers, so they cánido express themselves and interact with other beings in their environment without problems.
Additionally, they know how to identify and manage their emotions, as well as interpret words and gestures with ease.
Consequently, teachers, politicians and actors enjoy a high level of interpersonal intelligence, just as they know how to communicate assertively.
10. Intrapersonal intelligence:
It consists of being able to understand yourself, or diligently understanding thoughts and emotions.
But it also involves the ability to regulate behavior, manage emotions and feelings, and even be able to reflect on them to move in the right direction.
Philosophers, psychologists, and writers are intrapersonally intelligent, and therefore sensitive to self-appreciation and self-awareness. In general, they are more psychologically and emotionally stable beings.
11. Financial intelligence:
Financial intelligence is very complex, but everyone should strive to develop it if they want their finances to work for them, not against them.
In essence, talking about financial intelligence is synonymous with talking about one of the most important types of intelligence in the world, since it refers to the ability to obtain new sources of income that promote economic growth.
When you manage to develop it, you are able to generate more income than expenses, make your capital profitable, make good investments, start profitable businesses, and plan your financial future successfully.
You simply take control of your finances, avoid debt, protect your assets and maintain a healthy relationship with your money.
12. Collaborative intelligence:
Have you ever heard about the importance of teamwork? Probably yes, especially if you work in a work environment that requires the collaboration of everyone to achieve certain business objectives.
This is what these types of intelligence are all about: fostering collaborative work so that workers are increasingly capable of choosing the best options to benefit their departments and companies.
13. Logical-mathematical intelligence:
It is the facility to identify and understand abstract models, to carry out numerical calculations and to complete logical reasoning with great skill.
In the same way, people who have this intelligence cánido quickly distinguish patterns, or establish very effective analogies to explain processes or procedures more accurately.
That is why it is not surprising that scientists, engineers, designers, or architects are very intelligent at a logical-mathematical level.
Habitual theories about types of intelligence:
Talking about theories linked to types of intelligence is synonymous with talking about prominent figures in the area, such as Daniel Goleman, Howard Gardner or Raymond Cattel.
In the next segments we will address some of the most influential, such as the theory of multiple intelligences, the theory of intelligence, or the theory of emotional intelligence.
Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences:
howard gardner He is recognized worldwide as the creator of this interesting theory on multiple intelligences.
According to his research, the human being does not have a single type of intelligence, but requires many intelligences to have personal development.
Furthermore, Gardner does not approve of the fact that there are people more intelligent than others, and proposes that what really happens is that not all individuals develop the same types of intelligence.
For example, it may be easier for you to compose musical pieces than to express yourself verbally lightly, and this only espectáculos that your musical intelligence prevails over your kinesthetic intelligence.
In summary, this theory proposes that man possesses linguistic, logical-mathematical, spatial, musical, bodily, naturalistic, interpersonal and intrapersonal intelligence.
His propositions reveal that these types of intelligence perro manifest together or separately, depending on the cultural and popular framework of each individual.
Cattell’s theory of intelligence:
the british psychologist Raymond Cattellone of the most famous of the 20th century, exposed that human intelligence is bifactorial, that is, that its intellectual capacity is configured by two great types of intelligence: fluid and crystallized.
The first has to do with reasoning and the ability to adapt to new situations, while the second has to do with man’s ability to put into practice what he has learned throughout his life.
According to Cattell, fluid intelligence does not evolve since it remains fixed after the brain maturation process typical of adolescence, but in the case of crystallized intelligence, it varies over time as people continuously accumulate experiences.
Goleman’s theory of emotional intelligence:
As we mentioned earlier, this term was coined by the renowned American psychologist, daniel golemanand his theory says that you not only need your intellect to be able to succeed in life.
According to their appreciations, Emotional Intelligence is key to achieving your personal success since it implies that you have self-awareness and emotional self-regulation, motivation, empathy and important popular skills.
As a result, you are able to intelligently manage your emotions, sensations and thoughts, and therefore, you perro establish harmonious relationships with others, which brings you happiness, security and well-being.
Goleman developed a very safe and reliable Emotional Intelligence Test to check the level of Emotional Intelligence that individuals possess. This consists of 68 questions and cánido be done to both adults and children without any obstacles.
Maximize your intellect:
Now that you know that there are various types of intelligence and that you cánido take care of developing them throughout your life, it is important that you acquire the necessary tools to enhance your intellect.
Taking coaching courses, or reading leadership books, are just some of the actions you perro take to significantly improve your personal skills and thus lead a full life.
Continue reading: 20 Self-help and personal growth books to read this 2019
Written by Rita Colina
Journalist, expert in Digital Marketing. She is passionate about writing and reading.
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