Irregular verbs in English

Irregular verbs in English

According to grammar rules, irregular verbs in English are words that they don’t follow the usual rules for their verb forms.

These do not adopt the spelling patterns that are generally applied to words of that type and that are part of the fácil past or past participle.

They are also called “strong verb” or “strong verbs” and are characterized by lacking conventional endings, for example: -d, -ed and ied.

Interestingly, these are the most frequently used.

There is no doubt that English has hundreds of thousands of verbs that speakers must memorize to communicate with others.

However, what are called “irregular” are also part of the lexicon and are nothing more than exceptions to existing spelling rules.

They are believed to come from a time when Old English was spoken.

Time in which the grammar titled the verbs under two categories: strong and weak.

But fewer are known to exist today than were known then.

Also learn: Regular verbs in English and Spanish

Most used irregular verbs in English

List with more than 30 most used irregular verbs in English, in infinity, past, participle and with their meaning in Spanish.

Infinite Past Participle Spanish
go went gone Leave
eat tie eaten Eat
Cut cut cut Cut
drinks drink drunk To drink
forbidden forbade forbidden ban
freezing frozen frozen Freeze
eat came eat come
awake awoke awoken Wake up
Bet Bet Bet Bet
bite bit bitten Bite
deal dealt dealt Treat
fly flew flown Fly
give gave gave Give
buy bought bought buy
bear bore terminal Bear
speak spoke spoken Talk
Rise rose risen Increase
sleep slept slept Sleep
make made made Do
meets met met Meet
lies lay lain Lie
put put put Place
Pay paid paid Pay
lead LEDs LEDs drive, steer
know Knew known Know
hear heard heard Hear
Have Had Had Have to have
flee fled fled Flee
Draw Drew drawn Draw
lies lay lain Lie
Remake remade remade Redo
say Said Said Say
Write Wrote written Write

You may also be interested in: Most Common Nouns in English

How to use irregular verbs

Precisely because irregular verbs in English are skip the grammar rule If you add a certain ending, they become a pain in the ass when trying to learn this language.

There is no conjugation pattern for these words.

However, to facilitate its learning, it is best to start studying those that are spelled the same in any of their forms, such is the case of “bet, cut, hit, lend, put..” In addition to this, there are two tricks that we espectáculo you below:

  • If you want to make your life easier learning English, don’t forget to apply the famous “IAU rule”.

    This indicates that when the infinitive of a one-syllable verb that contains the vowel “i”, in the past fácil form, this will be replaced by “a” while the participle replaces it by “u”.

  • When a verb ends in the consonant “d”, said letter will be conjugated to the past fácil and participle by the letter “t”.

5 examples of irregular verbs in English and Spanish

  1. The boss said that on Saturday we don’t have to work (The boss said we don’t have to work on Saturday)
  2. The cat wants to drink water (The cat wants to drink water)
  3. Today I met the teacher (Today I met the teacher)
  4. Laura tie a lot of candy (Laura ate many sweets)
  5. My husband paid for the wedding dress (My husband paid for the wedding dress)

Exercises with irregular verbs in English

  • My brother _____ a beautiful song (verb to write)
  • Emma _______ a lot of water after she ran.

    (verb to drink)

  • My mother ____ the cookies (verb to do)
  • My son ____ our family on the beach (verb to draw)
  • People were angry when Simon ____ what he thought (verb to say)

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