How to be an air traffic controller in Spain:
control air traffic is a primordial task in aviation security and the controllers They are in charge of carrying it out.
To be air traffic controller in Spain it is required to comply with a series of mandatory requirementsincluding possession of the Spanish nationality Or the European Unionhe baccalaureate degree or equivalent, demonstrate a level of English and Spanish and have skills like Ability to work under pressure, concentration, knowledge of the aviation campo, quick decision making and teamworkamong others.
In addition, it is necessary to obtain a controlador license consisting of a part theoretical and practice and follow a specific training.
This article will explain in detail everything you need to access this booming profession in Spain.
Requirements to be an air traffic controller
If you want to be an air traffic controller in Spain, you must meet a series of mandatory requirements.
The main ones are detailed below:
It is an essential requirement to be Spanish or a citizen of a European Union country to be able to access the position of air traffic controller in Spain.
Must have a baccalaureate degree or equivalent.
There is no specific university degree to be an air traffic controller, but it is recommended to have a scientific or technological baccalaureate degree.
English and Spanish level
A level of English and Spanish must be demonstrated as the languages of communication with pilots from all over the world who land at Spanish airports.
The minimum level required is B2 in both languages.
Among the skills necessary to be an air traffic controller are the ability to work under pressure, concentration, knowledge of the aviation campo, quick decision-making and teamwork, among others.
- Ability to work under pressure: Controllers need to be able to adapt to high-pressure situations and work under stressful conditions.
- Concentration: The job of an air traffic controller requires great concentration, since multiple flights and operations must be supervised and coordinated at the same time.
- Knowledge of the aviation campo: Controllers must have knowledge of the aviation campo and be able to know all applicable regulations and rules.
- Quick decision making: In complicated situations, controllers have to be able to make quick decisions and make the best options according to the circumstances.
- Teamwork: In control towers, teamwork is essential to coordinate air operations effectively.
Training to be an air traffic controller
The training required to become an air traffic controller in Spain it is rigorous and consists of several stages.
In addition, there are specific preparatory courses and recommended that perro be very useful to overcome the different phases of the selection process.
The different types of training required to become an air traffic controller are detailed below:
The initial training is taught by ENAIRE (previously called AENA) and is focused on providing the theoretical knowledge necessary to understand the aeronautical environment, the operation of aircraft and air control procedures.
During this training, you are instructed in meteorology, communications, air navigation, security, regulationsamong other topics.
This training is given at the ENAIRE Air Traffic Controllers Training Center located in La capital española and lasts approximately 3 months.
Once the initial trainingyou should get the learner-controller license.
For this, it is necessary to pass a series of exams that will evaluate the knowledge acquired during the initial training.
The student-controller license enables its holder to carry out air control practices in real time under the supervision of a licensed air traffic controller.
The unit formation It is the final stage of the training necessary to become an air traffic controller in Spain.
During it, the air traffic controller candidate must carry out air control practices in real time under the supervision of a licensed air traffic controller at an air control center.
The duration of this training varies depending on the type of air control center and the complexity of the control operations it carries out.
Specific and recommended preparatory courses
There are different specific preparatory courses and recommended to overcome the different phases of the selection process, in addition to other courses that may be useful to acquire necessary skills for the profession.
Some of these courses are taught by institutions specialized in the training of air traffic controllers such as Blue Media Studio and MasterD.
Controlador functions based on your location
The air traffic controllers have different functions depending on their location in the towers, routes either approach.
In general, they are responsible for ensuring the security and the proper functioning of the air traffic.
The tower controllers They are in charge of supervising the movements of the proyectos on the ground. coordinates the landing and take off of aircraft and ensures the correct taxing to and from the runway.
They must also make sure that there are no collisions between proyectos and other vehicles on the ground.
The route controllers They are in charge of supervising the proyectos in the airspace.
They control that all aircraft maintain the necessary distance between them to avoid collisions.
In addition, they must ensure that the established flight paths and control all heights and speeds of the proyectos.
The approach controllers They are in charge of supervising the proyectos in the final stages of landing.
Their job is to make sure that all aircraft land safely and that air traffic is kept in a safe area during landing.
Approach controllers also perform certain functions that enroute controllers do, such as maintaining a safe separation between aircraft approaching the airport and coordinating entry to the Landing track.
Salary of an air traffic controller in Spain
He air traffic controller salary in Spain it ranges between 50,000 and 100,000 euros gross per year, depending on experience and the position held.
For novice controllers and those just graduated, the salary is in the upper-middle range.
Like many other professions, air traffic controller salary increases with experience and job promotions.
Influence of the position on the salary of air traffic controllers
He air traffic controller salary It varies depending on the position they occupy.
For example, the salary of air traffic controllers who work in the control towers is different from those who work in the air traffic routes.
Air traffic controllers who work in control towers have a lower salary than those who work on the air traffic routes or those who are supervisors.
Influence of experience on the salary of air traffic controllers
He air traffic controller salary it also varies by experience.
Those who have more experience and have achieved promotions in their jobs they have a higher salary than those who are just starting out.
In addition, air traffic controllers who have worked longer in the same position are paid better than those just starting out in the profession.
Future prospects in the air traffic controller profession
the profession of air traffic controller It is one of the most demanded in Spain due to the increase in air traffic and the growing presence of new airlines.
For this reason, air traffic controller salaries have remained stable and are expected to remain so for the foreseeable future.
In fact, air traffic controllers are highly valued in the job market and often find employment quickly after graduation.
Selection process and oppositions
Before opting for a position air traffic controlleryou must pass a series of theoretical and practical tests.
- The first test is Psychotechnical Aptitude Testwhich consists of a general intelligence test and a psychological evaluation.
- Then you have to pass a Test of Spatializationwhere your spatial orientation and mental visualization capacity are measured.
- Later, you will face the technical english testso you must have a minimum level of English B2, according to European estándares.
- Lastly, it evaluates the Personality and Behavior Test that seeks to certify the suitability of the candidate for the position.
In addition to the tests described above, some specific requirements must be met to access the opposition.
- The candidate must be in possession of the baccalaureate degree or equivalent.
- Be Spanish or EU.
- have a high level of English.
- A psychophysical and functional capacity that allows you to do the job.
- Another important requirement is to have obtained the controlador learner license.
- as well as a class 3 aeronautical medical certificate in force and annotations of English and Spanish language.
Phases of the selection process
The selection process has several phases and cánido take around a year.
- First, a Public tender announcing the available places and establishing a deadline to appear for the opposition.
- Then, a selection process is carried out that includes various physical, theoretical and practical tests.
- If you pass these exams, you will be called for a clinical personality assessmentwhere it will be determined if you are qualified to perform the job.
- If you pass this phase, you will be able to start the air traffic controller training until obtaining the final air traffic controller license.
From that moment on, you will be able to work in any control tower in the national territory.
Recommended courses to be an air traffic controller
In order to fill the position of air traffic controller, it is important to have the appropriate training and to know the profession in depth.
In this sense, there are several courses that perro help you acquire the necessary knowledge.
You will then be presented with two options:
- Vocational training
- certificate of professionalism.
The vocational training it is a good option to acquire specific knowledge and skills related to the air traffic controller profession.
In Spain, there are several training centers that offer higher grade training cycles in branches such as aeronautics, electronics, computing or telecommunications, among others.
These centers are usually accredited to provide training in the field of air navigation.
These training cycles allow obtaining a higher technical title, which perro be useful to complete the training necessary to become an air traffic controller.
Some of the modules that are usually taught in these training cycles are mathematics, applied physics, electronics, computing, technical English and aviation safety.
certificate of professionalism
Another interesting option to train as an air traffic controller is to obtain a Certificate of Professionalism in the field of air navigation.
These certificates are official qualifications that certify professional qualification in a specific specialty.
In Spain, the Public State Employment Service (SEPE) through the corresponding calls, offers different professional certificates related to air navigation, some of them specifically focused on the air traffic controller profession.
Among the contents taught in these courses are: spatial orientation, aeronautical English, knowledge of the aviation ámbito, decision making, teamwork, emergency management, among others.
To obtain the certificate of professionalism, it is necessary to pass the corresponding exams and meet the requirements established by the SEPE.
Prospects and future in the air traffic controller profession in Spain
the profession of air traffic controller in Spain it offers good salaries and a growing demand for new professionals, thanks to the increase in both national and international air traffic.
It is estimated that in the coming years there will be a need for personnel renewal in the ámbito due to the retirement of the most veteran workers and the growth of the ámbito.
What are the employment prospects?
According to the State Aviation Safety Agency (AESA), the tarea market for air traffic controllers in Spain is extensive, both in the public and private sectors.
Therefore, there are many employment possibilities once the license has been obtained and the selection process has been passed.
What is the future of the air traffic controller profession in Spain?
The irruption of new technologies and air traffic control systems, such as artificial intelligence and drones, suggests a promising future for the air traffic controller profession in Spain.
There will be more need for highly qualified personnel with technical, popular and decision-making skills to efficiently and safely manage air traffic in Spanish territory.
How will the role of the air traffic controller evolve?
The role of the air traffic controller will continue to evolve to adapt to new technologies and air traffic control systems.
Instead of doing manual work, they will start performing tasks of greater responsibility and with a higher level of concentration and decision-making.
Air traffic controllers will become real air traffic managers.
What development opportunities exist for air traffic controllers?
Air traffic controllers in Spain have good opportunities for development and continuous learning throughout their career.
For example, one of the options is to specialize in different types of air traffic control to move up the hierarchical ladder.
Is there any forecast of change in the working conditions of air traffic controllers?
There is no forecast of significant changes in the working conditions of air traffic controllers in Spain, since they have legal regulations that protect their tarea rights and guarantee them before carrying out their work.
In addition, salaries are competitive and there are good employment prospects in the campo.
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