## Estándar Time

If you have a business and want to measure efficiency and productivity, you have to establish the estándar time necessary for people to carry out a certain process, and from that, establish the volume that each person will be able to carry out in a certain time.

That is what you are going to learn in this article.

**What would you say if I told you that the estándar time of a process is the basis for you to measure the efficiency and productivity of your business?**

Estándar time serves you for many things.

For example, it helps us to establish the volume of work per operator (per employee) or to establish an estimate of the production capacity that your **company** has to meet the demand.

So, in this article I have the objective that you learn a fácil process so that you cánido establish the estándar time of your business.

## What is time and motion study?

In a few words, the study of times and movements consists of the use of techniques to determine the estándar time that an employee spends in carrying out a certain process.

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## What is estándar time?

As you perro see in the definition above, we perro see estándar time as the time in which an employee carries out an activity.

For example, measure the time in which an employee makes a pizza.

However, keep in mind that you cánido measure the time of an entire process or a given activity.

It all depends on the goal you have.

## Procedure for measuring work (estándar time)

### 1. Select the operation or process to evaluate

I know it’s obvious, but the first step is to select the process or activity you want to measure.

For example, suppose you want to measure the time it takes for a worker to stamp a T-shirt.

### 2.
Select a skilled worker

What you have to do in this step, as you perro already imagine, is to select the worker that will serve as a base to be able to measure the time in which said activity is carried out.

Therefore, you have to select an employee who is neither the fastest nor the slowest.

That is, you are going to select a estándar employee.

You perro also select multiple workers to perform the activity with the goal of using the average time of all workers who did the activity.

### 3.
Record the data related to the process

You have to measure the time (with a stopwatch) that the employee takes to carry out his activity, recording everything you vea.

For example, register elements that are not productive in the process, things that are being carried out badly, or even register if you see that there are elements that cánido be improved in the process.

If you are going to use several workers, you have to measure everyone’s time and you may even discover unnecessary elements that perro be carried out by some workers.

For example, suppose that in some activity the employee has to go for raw materials and the warehouse is a little removed.

Maybe it may seem like an exaggeration, but….

What would happen if the distribution of machinery, materials or human talent is modified and you no longer have to travel that distance? The answer is that efficiency and productivity could be increased.

All for something that seems so fácil and without a joke.

### 4. Measure the amount of work

In this step you are going to eliminate the elements that are not necessary and you are going to measure again the time in which the employee carries out the process.

However, that is not the estándar time as something else has to be added to it.

It should be noted that if you are going to use the average time of the workers (which is what I recommend), you are going to average all the times you obtained.

For example, if you measured the time of 5 workers: one does the activity in 5 minutes, one in 4, one in 5.5, one in 7 and the last one in 6 minutes.

Therefore, the average time is 5.5 minutes.

**That is the time to which you will add the personal allowances in the next step.**

### 6. Define the proper method of operation and determine the estándar time

In this step you have to clearly establish the method that employees have to follow to carry out this process, that is, the way in which they have to do it (without the elements that you have already deleted).

However, **To calculate the estándar time, what you have to do is add the so-called personal allowances to the average time you have calculated. **

Personal allowances are a percentage of plus time so the employee cánido go to the bathroom, get a drink of water, or take a short break.

Usually **20% is taken as personal allowances**.

Therefore, the elabora would be as follows:

The t is the time you have measured (average) and the 0.20 is 20% of personal allowances.

Don’t worry, if you don’t have it very clear, I’ll give you an example: Suppose that on average, an employee takes 10 minutes to carry out the process.

To obtain the estándar time you are going to take 20% of the 10 minutes (2 minutes) and do the sum (10 minutes agregado 2 minutes).

Therefore, the estándar time is 12 minutes.

### 7.
Establish the quota or volume per operator

Well, you already have the estándar time in which an employee carries out a process, now you are able to establish the number of products that he is capable of producing in a day, in a week or in a month.

For example, suppose you already have the estándar time that an employee makes a part (in this case it would be your product).

Let’s say that an employee produces 50 pieces per hour, and that his workday is 7 hours.

Therefore, an employee has the capacity to genera 350 pieces (estándar) in one day.

Having this data, you will be able to measure the efficiency and productivity of an employee, an area, or the company itself.

Something very important that you have to take into account is that the volume (estándar capacity) is not the same as the de hoy capacity, that is, what has actually been produced in a day, week or month.

In fact, we cánido extract productivity and efficiency from said data to find out if a company is really being productive and efficient.

Therefore, having this data is very important.

I hope the article is useful to you.

## Solved Estándar Time Examples

Below I am going to provide you with a equipo of estándar tense examples that will allow you to apply what you have learned.

### Solved Estándar Time Example 1

In a candy factory, the assembly of candy packages takes place.

An average assembly time of 30 seconds per package has been measured.

Personal allowances are estimated to be 15%.

Calculate the estándar assembly time for a packet of candies.

#### Solution of example 1

How to calculate estándar time? Well, we are going to follow the next steps:

**Step 1: Identify known values**

- t = 30 seconds (average time)
- 0.15 (personal allowances, which is 15%)

**Step 2: Apply the estándar time elabora**

- Estándar time = t + (t * 0.15)
- TE = 30 + (30 * 0.15)
- ST = 30 + 4.5
**TE = 34.5 seconds**

Therefore, the estándar assembly time for a packet of candies is **34.5 seconds**.

By the way… **What would be the production capacity of one person?** If we consider that the workday is 8 hours.

So, the production capacity is 834.7826 pieces per day.

Well, actually we could say that **835 packets of candy**.

### Estándar Time Example 2

In a product packaging company, an average time of 2 minutes per box has been measured.

Personal allowances are estimated to be 10%.

Calculate the estándar packing time for a box.

#### Solution

How to get the estándar time out of a box? We are going to do the following to obtain the estándar time per box.

**Step 1: Identify known values **

- t = 2 minutes (average time)
- 0.10 (personal allowances, which is 10%)

**Step 2: Apply the estándar time elabora**

- estándar time = t + (t * 0.10)
- TE = 2 + (2 * 0.10)
- ST = 2 + 0.2
**TE = 2.2 minutes**

Therefore, the estándar packing time for a box is **2.2 minutes.**

**What is the production capacity?** If we consider that the workday is 8 hours.

So, the production capacity is **218.1818182 **boxes per day.

By the way, remember that it is per worker.

### Estándar Time Example 3

In a bicycle taller, an average assembly time of 45 minutes per bicycle has been measured.

Personal concessions are estimated at 25%.

Calculate the estándar time to assemble a bicycle.

#### Solution

How is the estándar time per bike determined? To determine the TE per bicycle we will do the following:

**Step 1: Identify known values **

- t = 45 minutes (average time)
- 0.25 (personal allowances, which is 25%)

**Step 2: Apply the elabora **

- Estándar time = t + (t * 0.25)
- TE = 45 + (45 * 0.25)
- ST = 45 + 11.25
**ST = 56.25 minutes**

Therefore, the estándar time to assemble a bicycle is 56.25 minutes.

Therefore, the production capacity per day is 8.5333 bicycles per day (8 hours).

### Example 4

In a lugar de comidas, an average preparation time of 20 minutes per dish has been measured.

Personal concessions are estimated at 20%.

Calculate the estándar preparation time for a dish.

#### Solution

**Step 1: Identify known values **

- t = 20 minutes (average time)
- 0.12 (personal allowances, which is 20%)

**Step 2: Apply the elabora **

- Estándar time = t + (t * 0.12)
- TE = 20 + (20 * 0.12)
- ST = 20 + 2.4
**ST = 22.4 minutes**

Therefore, the estándar preparation time for a dish is **22.4 minutes.**

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