Disadvantages of requesting political asylum in
Quick response: Disadvantages of requesting political asylum in Spain
- Uncertainty and lack of legal certainty in the political asylum process.
- Tarea and popular marginalization: obstacles to access stable employment.
- Restrictions on free movement and recognition of documentation.
- Loss of family and popular ties when leaving the country of origin.
- Insufficient protection and effective guarantee of the right to asylum.
Discover in detail the difficulties and challenges faced by applicants for political asylum in Spain.
From legal uncertainty to employment barriers, this list reveals a complex reality.
Read on to explore how these disadvantages perro affect protection seekers and how they perro be overcome.
What is political asylum and how is it requested?
Application for asylum in Spain step by step
He political asylum It is a right that all people who are in a vulnerable situation due to their origin, race, religion, political opinion or other popular condition have.
In Spain, the application for asylum perro be made through the Asylum and Refuge Officewhich depends on the Ministry of the Interior.
The first step to request political asylum in Spain is to go to the Asylum and Refuge Office and submit the application.
Once submitted, the applicant is identified and registered and a archivo number is assigned.
Next, a interview in which information is collected on the personal situation of the applicant and the reasons for which they request political asylum in Spain.
The interview is conducted by an official of the Asylum and Refuge Office or by an interpreter, in case the applicant does not speak Spanish.
Finally, proceed to resolution of the application, which perro be positive or negative.
If it is positive, the applicant obtains international protection in Spain and is granted the refugee status.
Otherwise, the decision perro be appealed before the National audience.
Requirements to request political asylum in Spain
To request political asylum in Spain, it is necessary to meet a series of requirements.
The first of these is to be within Spanish territory, either legally or having entered illegally.
In addition, it must be proven that you are in a situation of vulnerability due to their origin, race, religion, political opinion or other popular status.
It is also necessary to espectáculo that there is a danger for the physical integrity or life of the applicant in case of returning to their country of origin.
Documents needed to request political asylum in Spain
To request political asylum in Spain, it is necessary to present a series of documents.
First, you must prove the identity of the applicant by means of a passport or afín document.
In addition, they must present documents that certify the situation of vulnerability of the applicant and the danger to his physical integrity or his life in case of returning to his country of origin.
These documents may include reports from international organizations, such as the UN, or documents issued by non-governmental organizations.
What is the deadline to submit the application for political asylum?
He term to present the application for political asylum in Spain is one month after entering the country.
However, this term cánido be extended in exceptional cases.
It is important to present the application for political asylum within the established period, since otherwise the applicant may have problems obtaining the international protection in Spain.
How to apply for political asylum in Spain?
To apply for political asylum in Spain, it is necessary to go to the Asylum and Refuge Office and submit the necessary documentation.
It is advisable to request appointment by calling the information telephone number of the Asylum and Refuge Office.
During the interview With the official of the Office of Asylum and Refuge or with the interpreter, information will be collected on the personal situation of the applicant and the reasons for requesting political asylum in Spain.
It is important to be clear and detailed when providing this information.
Finally, it will proceed to resolution of the application, which cánido take several months.
During this time, the applicant cánido remain in Spain with authorization to work and access the public healthcare.
Advantages and disadvantages of requesting political asylum in Spain
Advantages of requesting political asylum in Spain
- safe protection in situations of political persecution or of human rights in their country of origin, which allows safeguard life and physical integrity.
- Possibility of obtaining legal work authorization.
- Acquisition of the right to education Yet the healthamong other services provided by the State.
- access to a decent housing.
- possibility of family reunification.
Disadvantages of requesting political asylum in Spain
- Processing of the concession process political asylum of long duration, which perro generate uncertainty and legal uncertainty on the applicant.
- Popular and tarea marginalization due to the difficulty of accessing a stable job due to the lack of work authorization and other circumstances.
- Limitations on the right to free movement due to restrictions on the right of residence and the lack of recognition of documentation issued in countries of origin.
- Loss and separation of popular and family ties and relationships having to leave their environment and move to a foreign country.
- Lack of guarantee of effectiveness of the right of asylum Due to the insufficient protection that states perro grant to refugees.
Why are most applications for political asylum in Spain denied?
Spanish legislation establishes that the recognition of the right of political asylum is subject to strict formalities and corresponds to the Spanish courts determine the state of political or human rights persecution.
Among the main reasons why applications for political asylum are rejected are:
- Lack of adequate substantiation and sufficient proof of risk situation.
- undocumented or problems in the accreditation of identity and nationality.
- Referral to another country where it is considered that there are effective means of protection.
- Collaboration in terrorist or criminal activities.
- Contagious disease conditions.
Other residence permits in Spain
What is the red card and how is it obtained?
The Red card is the colloquial name given to residence and work permit for exceptional circumstances.
This permit is granted by the Spanish immigration authority to people who have entered Spain irregularly and meet the established requirements.
To obtain the red card it is necessary to request it through the Asylum and Refuge Office of the General Commissariat for Immigration and Borders.
The person applying for this card must demonstrate that they meet the requirements established by the legislation and present a series of documents that support their application.
Residence permit for arraigo popular
He residence permit for popular roots It is a type of permit that is granted to people who have been residing in Spain continuously for a certain period and who cánido demonstrate their popular integration in the country.
In order to obtain this permit, it is necessary to demonstrate that you have an employment contract or that you have made contributions to Popular Security.
It is also necessary to present a series of documents that certify popular integration in the country, such as the schooling of children, registration and participation in popular activities.
Residence permit for tarea ties
He residence permit for employment is a type of permit that is granted to people who have worked in Spain continuously for a certain period and who cánido demonstrate that they have tarea ties in the country.
In order to obtain this permit, it is necessary to demonstrate that you have worked continuously in a job for at least one year.
It is also necessary to present a series of documents that prove the employment situation, such as the employment contracts and the payroll.
Residence permit for family ties
He residence permit for family ties is a type of permit that is granted to people who have family ties with other foreign citizens who have residence authorization in Spain.
In order to obtain this permit, it is necessary to demonstrate that there is a family backlink and that you have Economy ways to live in the country.
It is also necessary to present a series of documents that prove the family situation, such as the marriage certificates or from birth.
Non-profit residence and golden visa
The non-profit residency It is a type of permit that is granted to people who have sufficient financial means to live in the country without having to work.
On the other hand, the golden visa is a type of permit that is granted to people who perform a major investment in the country, such as buying a home or investing in a business.
Both permits require demonstrating that you have sufficient economic means to live in the country, and presenting a series of documents that prove the economic situation, such as the Bank statements waves income statements.
Legal advice and organizations to help asylum seekers
Legal advice for political asylum seekers
It is essential to have legal advice during the process of applying for political asylum in Spain.
The specialized lawyers in immigration law and political asylum they cánido advise applicants at all times and help them gather all the required documentation.
Applicants for political asylum perro go to organizations such as the General Council of the Spanish Lawyers, who cánido advise them on what steps to take.
There are also non-profit associations such as the Spanish Commission for Refugee Aid (CEAR) that offer advice and legal representation services to applicants for political asylum.
In some cases, in addition, applicants perro request the help of interpreters with the aim that communication with public services is fluid.
Organizations that help applicants for political asylum in Spain
There are various organizations in Spain that offer help when submitting the application for political asylum and even during the process once the application is submitted.
Some of these organizations are the aforementioned CEARas well as ACCEM, Network welcomes, Spanish Red Crossamong other.
These organizations cánido offer political asylum seekers Medical helpservices of advice, temporary accommodation and other services that they may need during their integration process in Spain.
Rights and obligations of applicants for political asylum in Spain
The political asylum seekers in Spain they have a series of obligations regarding the application process, such as providing all necessary documentation, answering questions from public services, among others.
On the other hand, applicants for political asylum also enjoy a series of rights in the process, such as the right to advice, the right to health care, the right to education, among others.
Likewise, once international protection has been obtained, the beneficiaries have the right to work in Spain and to family reunification.
It is important to bear in mind that the conditions and requirements for granting political asylum may vary and that each application will be evaluated individually, so having adequate legal advice cánido be of great help to maximize the chances of success.
Consequences of requesting political asylum in Spain
Employment and popular situation of applicants for political asylum in Spain
Ask political asylum in Spain perro have significant consequences on the employment and popular situation of the applicants.
Most of them face great difficulties in finding work and accommodation, forcing them to depend on state aid.
Furthermore, a lack of language skills and discrimination cánido make it even more difficult to integrate into Spanish society.
Rights and obligations of beneficiaries of international protection
The beneficiaries of international protection have certain rights and obligations in Spain.
They have the right to work, education and basic medical care.
They are also obliged to comply with Spanish laws and respect the culture of the country.
Asylum recipients are required to notify authorities if they change their address or employment status.
Cánido you leave Spain while you are in the process of applying for political asylum?
Political asylum seekers perro leave Spain, as long as they have the necessary documents, such as a valid passport and visa.
However, it is important to note that if the applicant for political asylum voluntarily return to their country of originyour asylum application will be rejected and you will not be able to apply for asylum in Spain again.
Once the granted political asylumthe foreigner happens to have a permanent residence permit in Spain.
This means that you perro live and work in the country legally.
However, they will have to renew your residence permit every two years and they will also have to comply with Spanish laws and respect the culture of the country.
They perro also request family reunification if they have relatives who wish to join them in Spain.
- Political asylum seekers will face difficulties in finding accommodation and work.
- Asylum recipients have the right to work, education and basic medical care.
- Political asylum applicants perro leave Spain, as long as they have the necessary documents.
- Foreigners who have obtained political asylum perro live and work in Spain legally with a permanent residence permit.
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