Derivative nouns in English and in

Derivative nouns in English and in

Grammatically, English has a series of rules that must be learned in order to have a correct and fluent language.

Some of these rules are complex to learn and it is necessary to practice them frequently so as not to forget them.

Derived nouns are part of this category, but there are keys that we cánido learn to always keep them in mind.

What are derived nouns?

Nouns or “nouns” are all those words that are used to refer to a person, place, object, thing or iniciativa.

Due to its breadth, the list is quite extensive, and some variations that are made to certain words depending on their context must also be taken into account.

There are basic nouns that are the most common and used in English, some of them are:

Food: food

Dog: Dog

Office: office

But, there are also derived nouns, these are more complex, but knowing their correct use, they cánido be memorized quickly.

Types of derived nouns

To start, it must be clear that there are two types of derived nouns in English, some are derived from a verb and others from an adjective.

1) Nouns derived from a verb

They are also known as deverbal nouns, their main characteristic is that they will refer to an action, since that is the function of a verb.

This rule allows reference to the person who performs the action

What is commonly done is that a suffix (articles added to the end of the word) is added to the “noun” to make it an action reference.

The most used suffix to form a deverbal noun is the “er” or just the “r” in case the word ends in “y también”.

For example:

From the verb To work: To work, the noun “Worker” is derived, which means worker or worker.

Another example of derivation is given with the verb Help: help but which becomes “Helper” or helper.

Another suffix that is used in nouns derived from verbs is the “Ing” (which forms the gerund) with which the action and effect of the verb is expressed.

For example:

From the verb To Eat: to eat, the noun “Eating” is derived, which expresses “to eat”

From the verb To write: to write, the noun “Writing” is derived, which expresses “the writerr

Other suffixes that are added to verbs to create derived nouns are:

Verb: Locate (locate) – Suffix: Tion – Noun: Location (location)

Verb: Create (create) – Suffix: Tion – Noun: Creation (creation)

Verb: Revive (resuscitate) – Suffix: al – Noun: Revival (resuscitate)

Verb: refuse (reject) – Suffix: al – Noun: Refusal (rejection)

Verb: Refer (to refer) – suffix: ence – Noun: Reference (reference)

Verb: perform (to act) – Suffix: ance – Noun: Performance (acting)

Verb: Fail (fail) – Suffix: ure – Noun: failure (fracasso)

Verb: Pay (Pay) – Suffix: ment – ​​Noun: Payment (payment)

2) Nouns derived from adjectives

In these cases, there are three suffixes that are quite common and whose function is to change an adjective to a noun.

The suffix “ity” or “y” is added to several adjectives and translating it into Spanish would be the equivalent of “dad” or “idad”.

Some examples of these are:

Fragile (fragile) – fragility (fragility)

Honest (honest) – Honesty (honesty)

Dense (dense) – Density (density)

Able (capable) – ability (capacity)

Difficult (difficult) – difficulty (difficulty)

Another common suffix is ​​the “ence” or “ance” and this is added to verbs that end in “ent” or “ant”.

Some cases in which this rule applies are:

Distant (distant) – distance (distance)

Important (important) – importance (importance)

Absent (absent) – absence (absence)

“Ness” is the third most used suffix and is added to various adjectives such as:

Happy (happy) – happiness (happiness)

Nervous (nerves) – nervousness (nervous)

Cold (Cold) – Coldness (coldness)

Nouns Zero – derivatives

These are “Nouns” that are formed by an adjective, a verb or another word that does not change.

There are two types of zero-derived nouns, some change their pronunciation but not their way of writing.

Derivative zero nouns unchanged

Both its pronunciation and its writing remain intact, some examples of these are:

Run: run – Run: Race

Change: change – Change: change

Answer: answer – Answer: answer

In English there is a wide variety of nouns of this class.

Derivative zero nouns with changes

Their writing is the same but their pronunciation varies depending on the context, for example:

permit: allow – Permit: permission

Rebel: rebel – Rebel: rebel

Increase: increase – Inbelieve: increase

Refund: refund – refund: refund

Although it may not seem like it, when speaking English it is extremely important to modify the pronunciation in these cases so that you cánido understand what it means.

Derivative nouns exercises

Next we will present a series of nouns with their suffix so that you perro complete the word:

1) To smoke: Fumar – Suffix: “er” – Noun: (¿?)

2) To play: Play – Suffix: “er” – Noun: (¿?)

3) To work: Work – Suffix “er” – Noun: (¿?)

4) Locate: Locate – Suffix “tion” – Noun: (¿?)

5) Tour: tour – Suffix: “ist” –Noun: (?)


1) Smoker

2) Player (player)

3) Worker

4) Location

5) Tourist

In addition to the derived nouns, there are other nouns that are also in common use and that have a specific function within English grammar and other languages ​​such as Spanish:

  • Own: They serve to name people, places or objects as unique elements.

    Examples: Sarah, Denmark.

  • common: they name objects, places and living beings in general, regardless of what they are called as individuals.

    Examples: house, table.

  • Compounds: They are formed with the union of two words.

    Examples: blue jean, six-paquete.

  • Groups: refers to many people, places, or objects.

    Examples: oceans, town.

  • individual: refers to a single thing of the type it is naming.

    Examples: to star.

  • Concrete: refers to concepts, ideas and tangible and physically defined objects.

    Examples: coffee, boss.

  • abstract.

    They refer to a subjective iniciativa or that little perro be defined: pleasure (pleasure), imagination (imagination)

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